Prostate cancer is actually a ailment that takes place in the male reproductive system. This cancer is incredibly popular as probably the most reasons for death in the usa.
The prostate itself is accountable for creation of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is located between your bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the ailment we must have finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, since it is usually without symptoms. This really is one answer for the question why this most often present in men aged 50 years as well as the most frequently diagnosed inside the seventies. Indeed in accordance with the age, symptom that had been not visible will probably be visible. a typical complaint expressed by people who have the ailment is pain, particularly if you urinate, sometimes you are going to found bleeding in urination, and the actual existence of imp-otence problems.
The proper diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or with a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is the antigen if it contained in someone`s blood, the physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will be confirmed by using a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate 3d prostate treatment for prostate cancer remains to be under debate. Treatment solutions vary, depending on the stage. During the early stages may be used prostatectomy (removal of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be carried out (reduce testosterone levels through the removing of drugs or the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removing of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long which is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is produced in the abdomen or perineal area, along with the patient needed to undergo hospital remedy for 5-seven days. Complications that can happen is the fact that impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients who happen to be still active se-x-life, can be achieved Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removal of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this technique causes physical and psychological effects that will not be tolerated with the patients. Orkiektomi is an efficient treatment, does not require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need 3d prostate treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer that had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to help remedy cancer of the, B and C. Usually if the danger of surgical treatment is too much, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy for the prostate gland can be achieved in several ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without the need to undergo hospitalization. Negative effects for example decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (including redness and irritation), injury or burns on the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatments are usually done up to five times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive directly on prostate tissue via a small incision. The main benefit of this kind of radiation treatments are that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage in the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The objective is usually to reduce the amount of testosterone. Lowering of testosterone levels are usually very effective in preventing the increase and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly used to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients that have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the greater number of popular to help remedy advanced prostate cancer. An illustration is the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the formation of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration as it has the same result with removing the testes). Drugs given by means of injections, usually every 3 months. The side effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs employed for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to stop the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. The side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is usually employed to treat signs and symptoms of prostate cancer is resistant to hormonal therapy. Usually given one particular drug or mix of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that will used to treat prostate cancer is:
Along side it effects vary and depend upon the drugs given. You should carefully think about the benefits and negative effects of both treatments to discover the prostate cancer treatment options that suit along.